A few of us from the Hernando County Button Collectors Group will be participating in our local Heritage Day Festival with a booth full of buttons for viewing. We hope to attract more members!
I will also be bringing some new necklaces I made to sell. They are made of simple plain button colorful buttons and cording.
Many of them were already waiting for us when we arrived at the Brookdale Spring Hill Assisted Living facility. Susan, activities director, said the ladies had been looking forward to our visit since they read the article about button collecting in the December issue of the local Senior Voice newspaper. Four of us from our Hernando County Button Collectors Group spread samples of our buttons, button art and books about button collecting across three tables. We removed the chairs from around the tables so those in wheelchairs and with walkers would have an easier access to look at our display. Altogether we talked with a little more than a dozen lovely ladies who enjoyed seeing the buttons and recalling their mother's button boxes or the lovely buttons they had used in making their own clothes. Our visit lasted no longer than an hour but put smiles on the residents' faces, as well as ours.
I ran across this information about buttons that were found during the 1997-2001 Excavations at Fort Pierre Chouteau. It is in a report by the South Dakota State Historical Society. The report describes the military occupation of Fort Pierre under General Harney (around 1872).
In regards to buttons, the report describes the buttons that were worn by the soldiers as two-piece Sanders type brass buttons showing an eagle in whose claws held on the right, a laurel branch, which offers peace, and on the left a clutch of arrows that threatened war. The report says the message to Little Thunder’s Brule band of Lakota was "clear and explicitly coercive: submit or be destroyed."
But, one-piece loop shank buttons that were also found and are dated 30 years prior to Harney's stay, may have been used as trade items. This portrait on the left, shows how Native American men and women integrated gilded buttons with traditional items of adornment such as shell, feathers, and beads.
The report describes various possible cultural meanings of wearing the buttons:
The report also covers bone, shell and horn buttons at history.sd.gov/archaeology/downloads/rr/rr03_2.pdf.
For Feb. 27 meeting of Hernando County Button Collectors Group
Below is a list of categories from which you can choose a favorite "H" or "I" button(s) to bring for "Show 'N Tell.". If there is not a website link with the description, you can try google-ing the term and add the word "images" to find photos of the type.
H. Smith: Connecticut button maker (1815). Name found on pewter buttons.
H.V. Allien & Co.: New York City makers of uniform buttons of all kinds (1870-1900). Name found on backs of buttons.
H. Young: American button maker before 1833. Name found on buttons.
Habitat Buttons: Buttons with plants and animal specimens under domed glass made in 18th century or early 19th century. Probably French. Usually with copper frame. Extremely rare.
Hair Buttons: Seldom found. Around 1817 hair was woven into web or net and fashioned with gold.
Hallmark: The official stamp on gold or silver. Most identifications need to be researched.
Hallmark Friendship Buttons: I just "discovered" these buttons and ordered some to bring to the meeting!
Hammond, Turner & Sons: English button manufacturers who made US Confederate buttons and sporting buttons of fine quality.
Handkerchief Corners: 19th century metal buttons that were cut square with corners bent over to the front. Maybe be 4 points or 8 points (if two squares were used). Sometimes called “Turned Corners.” www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/large-cat-handkerchief-corner-button
Hawkeye Pearl Button Company: Made button blanks and fancy freshwater shell buttons in Muscatine Iowa. Were leaders of the industry for many years. www.muscatinehistory.org/whos-got-the-button
Haydens Company: Name appears fairly often on gilt and sporting buttons. Future generations manufactured tin pants buttons, flexible shank buttons, fabric-covered buttons and horn buttons.
Heinz Green Perkins: Buttons in realistic pickle shapes from Heinz Company are not really buttons. What is seen as a shank is actually where a pin was attached for fastening.
Heraldic: Two groups: (1) family coats-of-arms and crests; (2) dress buttons with parts of heraldic symbols. Usually made in metal, but in 20th century some were made in plastic.
Historic: Some buttons were designed specifically to commemorate historic occurrences. The category eventually evolved to include buttons that show things that no longer exist, like steamships, railways, etc.
Historical Wood Button: Made from the wood of a famous building, like the birthplace of Henry W. Longfellow or the national capitol building. Must have documentation.
Hollow Type: Two cupped pieces (home made from silver in the 1800s) that were braised together. Since then, others have been made of other metals by machines.
Holmes, Booth & Hayden Co.: Made brass buttons during the Civil War for military and civil uniforms.
Hoof: Usually ground up with horn and mixed with plastic and dyed. Generally more horn was used than hoof. Impossible to know if a horn button has any hoof in it.
Horn: Using moisture, heat and pressure, thin sheets of horn could be welded together or horn fragments could be molded. Two groups of horn buttons: Natural — cut from the solid parts of horn, shaped and polished. Some had self shanks; some had wire loop shanks or holes. Processed: — Made from the hollow of the horn. Other horn buttons were cut by hand or by machinery and decorated with metal or shell. No two were ever alike. www.buttoncountry.com/Horn1.html
Horsehair: A fabric woven from horses’ manes and tails. Usually used on horsehair furniture.
Horstmann and Horstmann, Brothers & Allien: Manufacturer’s name found on back of uniform buttons (1850s-1860s).
Hunt Club: Buttons made specifically for hunt club outfits, displaying club insignia.
Hunting Case: Two-piece Golden Age buttons that resembled hunting cases for watches.
Hyde and Goodrich: Of New Orleans, name found on southern state’s uniform buttons.
Hylas: Term for glass buttons decorated with single or multi-glass dots and/or line trim in contrasting colors. Usually in dome or cone shape with swirl back and wire shank. Now more often called Dot Trim or Overlay Trim.
Igloo: A Small China with raised center (looks like an igloo) that was with fused on a flat disk with two holes and sew-through under "igloo." www.pinterest.com/pin/122582421082206187/
Imitation Fabric: Molded designs imitating fabric, needlework, lace, cording, beading, etc.
Impression Inlay: Glass buttons with metal embellishments (such as rings, bracelets, small balls, realistic shapes, etc.) pressed into the glass while in a softened state.
Inanimate: Picture buttons showing inanimate objects like, nails, screws, hinges, locks, fences.
Inaugurals: Very few buttons were issued and authenticated to commemorate inaugurals. Exception: George Washington inaugural buttons. www.georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com/
India Rubber Comb Co.: Rubber buttons with marking I.R.C. CO., Goodyear 1851.
Indian Pottery: Native Americans made a few large (over 1-1/4”) convex buttons painted with black outlines and filled in with orange and brownish read. Most bought on reservations in 20th century.
Indian Silver: Two button categories: (1) Pawned: (worn by Native Americans and used as cash). Native American artisans have always preferred silver over gold, brass and copper. (2) Made for Market: Manufactured, stamped in latter years from a considerably thinner silver sheeting. Many forms and designs are available for collecting.
Inlay: Generally made of pieces of shell, ivory, bone, horn, wood, and vegetable ivory set into another material. Button disc is then sliced away from inlaid material.
Insects: Insects images are carved, molded, stamped or inlaid on buttons of nearly all materials.
Insets: Raised designs set into button disks.
Intaglio: Most commonly, designs that have been molded to be depressed into surface of button. Found a lot with black glass.
Israel, Jacobs: Maker of paperweight buttons. First buttons were made shankless but inserted into cup-like shanks. Later shanks made with wire with only one end of wire inserted into the glass. www.cmog.org/artwork/10-sulphide-paperweight-buttons
Ives, L.: Only plain pewter buttons have been found with this name.
Ivoroid: Two types of metal buttons with celluloid centers. Thin stamped designs (scenes, flowers heads, stories) and cutout designs (flowers).
Ivory: Elephant tusks provided the only true ivory but ivory buttons have also been made from tusks of hippos, walrus, narwhal and sperm whale. Ivory buttons with inlays of horn, shell or metals are also very collectible. Ivory buttons were also painted and stenciled.
When promoting your button club, it often takes just a little effort upfront for a good payoff at the end! As part of our promotion of the January 2017 Florida State Button Society Meeting & Show, I wrote an article on button collecting for the regional "Florida Register"...a quilters newspaper. Soon after, I picked up a copy of a local newspaper, the "Senior Voice" and immediately wondered if they would be interested in the same article (only tweaked to fit the area). They readily accepted the article and printed it with a few photos I submitted as well. From that one article, we got quilters to come to the show as well as local response by both an assisted living center for button sharing with their residents and a couple of new attendees at our button group meeting this week. If you would like a copy of that article to tweak for publication in your area. Just click "CONTACT" above to request it..
Below is the content of the handout I shared at my "How to Market Your Button Club to Increase Membership" presentation at the recent Florida State Button Society Meeting and Show. Most of the suggestions came from responses from my survey question...“Do you have any ideas on how to recruit new members?” I received 170 responses and was able to compile a list of 101 good ideas.
Annual Button Bonanza
The graphics on these convenient bags either feature the 2017 Florida State Button Society Meeting & Show logo or cute button-related quotes and graphics. Made by the nonprofit, www.payitforwardfarm.org. The majority of the sales profits will go to continuing the mission of PIFF, helping women learn new skills with a hand up, not a hand out.
Button Jewelry and Treasures
Tour to the Czech Republic
April 18-29, 2017
You are invited to join noted Button Jewelry Designer Frances Casey, on a custom designed small group tour to explore the ‘hidden gems’ of Bohemia. The tour will visit Prague but our focus is to take you places not seen by most travelers. From Art Nouveau Spa towns, castles and chateaux, across the countryside where small villages dot the landscape, you will have some very unique experiences. Along our way we discover historical, cultural and traditional life in The Czech Republic. Our ‘treasure hunt’ will include button and crystal manufacturing, beads, dolls, Garnets, Amber and the best Kolaches you ever tasted! PLUS you will have two Button Jewelry Classes with the top designer of Button Creations and a great instructor. Frances will teach you how to make beautiful button jewelry with her collection of special buttons she is bringing for a bracelet and a necklace class. These two classes and the materials are over $400 value. You enjoy the classes on the tour and come home with great memories and lovely new jewelry you made! Our group is limited to 14 travelers so register soon. Your tour planner and escort is Cynthia Langhof. She has been planning and escorting custom group tours for over 30 years, taking 220 groups just to Europe. She has been to the Czech Republic about 20 times and finds it one of her favorite destinations, come along and you will love it too!
Tu-18 USA/inflight to Prague
Arrival Prague airport and transfer to your hotel. Welcome to the capitol of Bohemia and city of 1000 spires! Evening Welcome Dinner to meet the group members. (D)
After breakfast we will start our guided walk of Prague’s Old Town to marvel at the varied architecture that encompasses the Old Town. Our personal guide will provide you with first-hand knowledge of the rich history of the buildings, the Týn Church, Astronomical Clock and the famous Charles Bridge. The afternoon is free for you to explore the narrow streets, take pictures and wander at your leisure to view the countless shops filled with crystal, Garnets and Amber. This evening we will enjoy a dinner together. (B,D)
Enjoy your breakfast and then meet our guide for a tour to the Prague Castle complex on the hill over Prague. Start with the viewing of the Changing of the Guards and the tour will include a visit of the awe-inspiring St. Vitus’s Cathedral, by far the largest and most important cathedral in the country. You will then pass through the Old Royal Palace, the oldest residence of the Czech Kings, and visit the 1,000-year-old Basilica of St. George. Enjoy the picturesque Golden Lane, a winding cobbled street full of charming little houses. Afternoon is free for those that wish to visit other sights options will be offered. Dinner on your own or ‘Dutch Treat’ together. (B)
Depart Prague traveling southeast toward Austria. A stop enroute will be at (castle) Hrad Cesky Sternberk to take a tour of the castle, during which you can visit 15 richly appointed rooms furnished in the style of various historical periods, meet important members of the Sternberk family and catch a glimpse of their way of life. You can also learn about the unique Šternberk collection of copper engravings from the Thirty Years’ War, which is one of the largest monothematic collections of engravings in Europe. The castle was originally built in 1241 and is still owned by the same family, now the 20th generation. After the visit we have lunch then continue to Lednice and our hotel near the magnificent Chateau Lednice. Dinner then our first jewelry making lesson with Frances. (B,D)
After a leisure breakfast we will embark on a tour of the chateau. Lednice Chateau is the jewel in the crown of the Lednice-Valtice Complex and, at the same time, one of the most beautiful complexes in the English Neo-Gothic style in the whole of Europe. At the end of the 13th century the Liechtensteins, originally from Styria, became holders of all of Lednice and of nearby Mikulov. The chateau as it looks today dates from 1846-1858, when Prince Alois II decided that Vienna was not suitable for entertaining in the summer, and had Lednice rebuilt into a summer palace in the spirit of English Gothic. The hall on the ground floor would serve to entertain the European aristocracy at sumptuous banquets, and was furnished with carved wood ceilings, wooden paneling, and select furniture, surpassing anything of its kind in Europe. You will enjoy the tour, the gardens and the entire landscape. Time for lunch nearby and then late afternoon your 2nd jewelry lesson. Dinner with the group. (B,D)
Enjoy breakfast and put on your new jewelry and we are off to visit a doll shop where dolls are made in all the traditional folk clothing representative of the different regions of Moravia. The dolls are beautifully dressed in lace and embroidery. We may be able to watch the seamstresses making the doll clothes. Next we have a lunch stop in a tiny village famous for the annual Folk Festival held every June. Moravia is known for its wine regions and in Straznice there are wine cellars from the 15th Century that are painted with lovely floral patterns. Around eighty decorated wine cellars make up what looks almost like a street with two village greens. Return to Lednice. Time to relax or stroll the chateaux landscape before dinner. (B,D)
Tu-25 Lednice/Jablonec nad Nisou
This morning after breakfast and hotel checkout we travel north to the glass center of Jablonec nad Nisou. We will have a stop enroute for lunch and arrive mid afternoon. After hotel checkin
you are free to start your quest for beads, glassware, porcelain or just window shopping. Dinner with the group. (B,D)
Jablonec Tips: You’ll want to bring cash (you will be reminded in Prague) as many stores do not accept credit cards, bring a tote bag for your purchased goodies and good walking shoes as the streets are a little hilly and made of cobblestone.
We-26 Jablonec town of glass making
Today you can shop til you drop, visit the various bead and glass shops. We will give you some information to make your shopping easier. Dinner with the group. (B,D)
Th-27 Jablonec/Karlovy Vary
After breakfast and hotel checkout we travel to nearby Zelezny Brod for a stop at a glass bead making factory to discover the magic of handmade production of pressed, fire polished and flat polished beads. They offer you the largest selection of cut and FP beads than any other manufacturer in Czech Republic. Then we continue toward the Art Nouveau town of Karlovy Vary. The town was founded around 1350 by Charles IV. The town's visitors have included kings, nobility, poets, writers, scientists, philosophers, musicians and other famous personalities. There are 12 curative springs that line the colonnades and through history they were used to bathe and then to drink the waters for health cures such as digestive, gout, obesity and locomotive organs. The town has survived disasters and decline but to see it now you would not know it had hard times. Time to wander the colonnades, take photos of the beautiful Art Nouveau buildings and sample one of the famous Spa Wafers! (B,D)
Fr-28 Karlovy Vary/Prague
After breakfast and hotel checkout we will visit the famous Moser Glass. Ludwig Moser started the company in the late 1800s and within a short time he gained the reputation as the most prestigious producer of crystal in the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria and King Edward VII of England. Enjoy the beautiful craftsmanship and art of glass making. After our tour travel to Prague. A special late afternoon tour to the Obecni Dum (The Municipal House) that has been one of the most significant public buildings in Prague for over a hundred years. This magnificent structure holds the concert halls, exhibition halls and beautifully crafted rooms and restaurants. After the tour this evening we have a Farewell Dinner and share our memories of a ‘Bohemian Discovery’. (B,D)
Sa-29 Prague/USA or OPTION to stay in Prague one more night
Early morning departure for those travelers departing for home today. You will transfer to the Prague airport to board your homeward bound flight.
OPTION: If you just can’t leave Prague yet then those that wish to remain will stay one more night. Additional cost for this extra night, Cynthia will remain to assist in your stay. (B)
Su-30 Prague/USA if you select to stay one more night
Early morning departure for those travelers departing for home today. You will transfer to the Prague airport to board your homeward bound flight.
Tour Price Includes:
• Accommodations in 3 & 4 star hotels based on 2 people sharing a room
• Meals: Breakfast daily; 1 Lunch; 9 Dinners
• Private motorcoach transportation and round trip transfers Prague airport
• Sightseeing as indicated per the itinerary including entrance fees to places visited
• Private licensed guide in Prague
• Two Jewelry classes with quality materials
• Experienced escort throughout the tour
TERMS and CONDITIONS
LAND TOUR PRICE $2690. pp Single room supplement: $525pp
Space is available for only 14 travelers and subject to first come basis, single rooms are limited.
OPTION-Extra night in Prague $160pp Other extended travel can be arranged upon request.
Deposit due to reserve space $400 per person
November 1, 2016: 2nd Payment due $1000 per person
February 1, 2016: Final Payment due
Not included in the tour price:
Airfare, meals not mentioned (8 lunches, 1 dinner), beverages with dinner unless advised; items of a personal nature such as passports, travel insurance, excess luggage, phone calls or any item not mentioned on the itinerary.
Airfare in/out Prague PRG is not included. Rate quotes and schedules will be provided from your home town on request.
LAND CANCELLATION POLICY
$ 75 Per person cancelled anytime up to 120 Days prior to departure
$ 500 Per person cancelled 119-60 Days prior to departure
$1000 Per person cancelled 59-30 Days prior to departure
Less than 30 days no refund
Airfare-any cancellation fees would be additional and noted with your airline purchase.
TRAVEL INSURANCE IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.
Travel Insurance Application will be provided
A passport is required with a minimum of 6 months validity from your Return Date.
A gratuity fund of $65.per person will be collected in cash upon arrival in Prague. This fund will cover all tipping for our private drivers, Czech guides and restaurant staff during the tour.
A complete ‘Travel Tips’ packet will be provided with detailed daily program, hotel lists, packing tips, currency information, weather, websites to explore before the tour and much more! You will be well prepared for your trip.
REQUEST A REGISTRATION FORM
Custom Designed Travel
P.O. Box 752 Carmichael, CA 95609
Tel: 775-338-6347 firstname.lastname@example.org
Custom Designed Travel/Find Me Traveling is hosted Avion International Travel CST#2016621-40
8992 Preston Road, Ste. 110-PMB 510, Frisco, TX 75034 (since 1986)
Below is a list of categories from which you can choose a favorite "F" or "G" button(s) to bring for "Show 'N Tell" at our next meeting. If there is not a website link with the description, you can try google-ing the term and add the word "images" to find photos of the type. Remember, you can also bring buttons that feature designs that include: Frogs, flowers, fancy, fowl, giraffe, gnome or other named buttons.
Fabric-Covered: Can be covered with woven, crocheted or knitted thread, or other type of needlework. Also, fabric stretched over disk . Often made by hand.
Faceted Back and/or Front: Molded or cast designs. Very popular on the front of black glass buttons. Faceted back glass buttons can be transparent or opaque, clear or colored. Some have inserts of mottled glass or pearl in the center of the fronts. www.buttoncountry.com/BlackGlass1.html
Feathers: Includes both real feathers incorporated onto the button and feather designs. Special blue and green foils were used under glass to create the "eye of a peacock" look.
Ferrotypes: Images created from a thin iron plate and processing solutions. Also called tintypes. madmimi.com/s/13b7f4?o=pm
Field: refers to various backgrounds on uniform buttons, such as plain, lined, stipled.
Firemen's Buttons: As early as 1805.
Firmin & Sons, LTD: One of the earliest button (late 1700s) manufacturers, mainly uniform and livery buttons. Name on back of button.
Flecks: Composition buttons with coating of tinsel, foil, goldsand, etc., combined with shellac on the button surface. see Goldstone button at www.buttoncountry.com/GlassInM1.html
Foil Trim: Often called "tin foil" because it was first made with thin layers of tin. Used as background for cutout designs under glass and then later on glass, which was then covered by another thin layer of glass.
Four-way Shank: Also called box shank www.thebuttonmonger.com/content/June%202011.pdf
Fur Buttons: Generally intended only for use on fur coats.
Gaiter: (Gaiters are a type of protective clothing for a person's ankles and legs below the knee.) Type of Small Chinas, flat or slightly rounded back with a metal shank plate and loop shank. Used on gaiters but also women's and children's clothing. Shapes include flat, domed, coned or hobnail. 3/8"-3/4" Includes "Bullseye" with concentric circles designs as seen at www.buttoncountry.com/china.html
Galalith: German plastic made of milk. Nearly impossible to accurately identify a Galalith plastic button.
Galena: Glittering gray ore sprinkled on lightweight cardboard. Covered with glass and used as center of metal buttons.
Garter Buttons: From about 1910-1920 for fancy garters worn on the outside of garters. Covered with cotton or silk and with a face painted on it. About 3/4". www.busybeaver.net/blog/2013/05/08/the-button-museum-roaring-20s-collection/
Gates, Theodore: Decoupage-style covered with "watch crystal" glass. Signed on back with initials.
Gentlemen's Buttons: Refers to black glass buttons, two-hole sew-through type (deeply molde on front) with metal back. May be found on store cards, labeled "Gentlemen's Buttons." Often decorated with overlay trim in color and goldstone in luster designs.
Gilt: The first type of brass/gilt buttons were made that featured a thin coating of gold, which frequently wore off. Followed by a improved manufacturing process around 1800 that produced mostly small, plain gilt buttons for the first 30 years. More elaborate designs in 1830-1850 included surface designs. www.thebuttonmonger.com/gilt-brass-1820-1840-3-4/
Glass: Mostly from the 1840s on. Classified in two categories...(1) Clear and Colored and (2) Black Glass. www.buttoncountry.com/BlackGlass1.html www.buttoncountry.com/CandCGlass1.html
Gold: Seldom used for buttons except for plating.
Golden Age Buttons: Fancy gold-plated brass buttons made between 1830 and 1850.
Goodyear, Nelson: The dates of 1849-1851 appear on Nelson's hard-rubber buttons with the name Goodyear, however, the name and dates on the buttons do not indicated the date of manufacture.
Goofy: Refers to odd, humorous or picture buttons made from plastics, china, wood, nuts, cork, etc. Coined by Dorothy Foster Brown in her book, Button Parade.
Greek Key: A pattern often used on buttons of straight lines bent or joined at right angles.
Greenway, Kate: English artist and writer (1846-1901). Linked to Greenway stories but only authenticated if identified with illustration. Greenway designs were molded on Jasperware in US, and on metal for the American trade.
Grisaille: 16th Century painting on ivory, enameled and laquered metals, etc. All white on black background.
Grotesque Designs: Found only on black glass buttons. Re: turkey wing with nail through it; foot of turkey or similar bird. Designs always incised, never raised. Filled with gold or silver paint.
Gut Loop Shank: Crosses loops of gut or string used on metal-covered buttons with wood or bone backs.
Sylvia Liszka Durell, Author
Owner of HoleyButtons.com and a founding member of the Hernando County Button Collectors Group in Florida.